Senior theses are composed of a technical paper and an STS paper. Early in your STS 4500 course, each student must select a technical project for your senior thesis and find a faculty member to be the technical advisor of that project. Senior thesis technical projects may be design or research, and they do not even have to be in the area of civil or environmental engineering. During the STS 4500, the main thesis related product is a thesis prospectus (proposal) describing the proposed technical and STS projects. The final thesis document is due during the second semester (STS 4600). The technical thesis paper may be authored by a team or by an individual, and the basic structure of the technical paper is defined by the technical advisor. Your STS professor will supervise the STS paper. Most Civil students will find that their CE 4990 projects are the best choice for the technical component of their senior theses. CE 4990 Civil Engineering Research and Design provides every student an opportunity to select a focused technical experience to be completed as an individual or in a small group. We offer a large set of CE 4990 sections that span the spectrum of civil engineering and include both research and design experiences, so students are likely to find a project that the fits their interests and future goals. Most of the CE 4990 sections require preparation of a paper or report summarizing the results of the project. Thus the structure of the CE 4990 matches well with the thesis technical projects, and the supervising professor of the CE 4990 course can be the technical advisor of your thesis project. Through CE 4990, a student typically can complete their entire technical thesis project during the Fall semester, even though the final thesis technical report is not due until the spring semester. Note, however, that you will be completing two separate 3-hr courses (CE 4990 and STS 4500) with different supervising professors. Therefore, while you may be able to use the same technical project in each course, you should expect at times to have to modify write-ups to satisfy the expectations of each course. CE 4991 Civil Design and Practice provides each student with an integrative, large civil group design experience. The scope of the CE 4991 project requires the teams to demonstrate and integrate a breadth of civil and environmental engineering skills. In addition, during the project students will perform a range of tasks required in practice for a large design, such as cost engineering and preparation of a competitive design proposal. Through this major design experience, plus the extensive opportunities to interact with practicing engineers offered throughout the project, CE 4991 helps prepare students for professional practice.