Deep Dynamics: Vehicle Dynamics Modeling with a Physics-Informed Neural Network for Autonomous Racing
Autonomous racing is a critical research area for autonomous driving, presenting significant challenges in vehicle dynamics modeling, such as balancing model precision and computational efficiency at high speeds (>280 kph), where minor errors in modeling have severe consequences. Existing physics-based models for vehicle dynamics require elaborate testing setups and tuning, which are hard to implement, time-intensive, and cost-prohibitive. Conversely, purely data-driven approaches do not generalize well and cannot adequately ensure physical constraints on predictions. This paper introduces Deep Dynamics, a physics-informed neural network (PINN) for vehicle dynamics modeling of an autonomous racecar. It combines physics coefficient estimation and dynamical equations to accurately predict vehicle states at high speeds and includes a unique Physics Guard layer to ensure internal coefficient estimates remain within their nominal physical ranges. Open-loop and closed-loop performance assessments, using a physics-based simulator and full-scale autonomous Indy racecar data, highlight Deep Dynamics as a promising approach for modeling racecar vehicle dynamics.
- Yen-Ling Kuo, Committee Chair (CS/SEAS/UVA)
- Madhur Behl, Advisor (CS, SIE/SEAS/UVA)
- Nicola Bezzo (ESE,ECE/SEAS/UVA)