Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University in 2006M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University in 2001B.S. in Thermal Engineering from Tsinghua University in 2000

4D Diagnostics & Thermal-Fluids​
Development of novel diagnostics with 4D spatiotemporal resolution to study combustion, propulsion and fluid dynamics


  • NSF Career Award 2009
  • Ralph Teeter SAE Award 2015
  • Dean's Award for Excellence in Research 2016
  • Air Force Summer Faculty Fellow 2014, 2015, 2016

Research Interests

  • Application of optical measurement techniques 
  • Development of laser sensors 
  • Non-intrusive measurements of temperature, pressure, velocity, chemical composition in harsh environments
  • Tomography
  • Three-dimensional measurements and visualization
  • Experimental and analytical study of energy and thermal systems

In the News

Selected Publications

  • Thermal management of a large prismatic battery pack based on reciprocating flow and active control ABS H Wang, L Ma, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 115, 296-303
  • Single-shot 3D flame diagnostic based on volumetric laser induced fluorescence (VLIF) ABS L Ma, Q Lei, J Ikeda, W Xu, Y Wu, CD Carter Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 36 (3), 4575-4583
  • Analysis of 3D combustion measurements using CH-based tomographic VLIF (volumetric laser induced fluorescence) ABS W Xu, CD Carter, S Hammack, L Ma Combustion and Flame 182, 179-189