B.S. ​Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India, 1992M.S. ​Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India, 1994Ph.D. ​Physics, Ohio State University, 1999Post-Doc Electrical Engineering, Purdue University, 1999-2002

"DFT2SPICE: Seeing the forest and the trees! Our research spans fundamental physical theory and computational materials science to quantum transport modeling and device physics, all the way up to circuit and systems level applications. "

Avik Ghosh is Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Professor of Physics at the University of Virginia. He has over 100 refereed papers and book chapters and 2 upcoming books in the areas of computational nano-electronics and low power devices, specializing in materials to systems modeling (DFT2SPICE), including 2D materials, thin films for photodetectors, molecular electronics, subthermal switching, nanomagnetic materials and devices, and nanoscale heat flow. Ghosh did his PhD in physics from the Ohio State University and Postdoctoral Fellowship in Electrical Engineering at Purdue University. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (IOP), senior member of the IEEE, and has received the IBM Faculty Award, the NSF CAREER Award, a best paper award from the Army Research Office, the Charles Brown New Faculty Teaching Award and the All University Teaching Award. His group's collaborative research with Columbia University on observing negative index behavior in graphene was voted by Physics World as one of the top-10 breakthroughs of 2016.


  • Top-10 breakthrough research of 2016, Physics World 2016
  • Paper in “Editor’s Suggestion”, Physical Review B 2016
  • Fellow of the Institute of Physics, UK since 2011
  • IEEE Senior Member since 2011
  • IBM Faculty Award 2011
  • NSF CAREER award 2008 to 2013
  • All University Teaching Award 2013
  • UVa Fund for Excellence in Science and Technology (FEST) Award 2008
  • UVa University Teaching Fellowship (UTF) Award 2008
  • Best paper award on Frontier Sensing and Monitoring at the 2006 International Symposium for Spectral Sensing Research (ISSSR), for paper entitled “Using trap-assisted tunneling for molecular sensing?”
  • Student poster award at Nano Research Initiative 2013
  • Charles L Brown New Faculty Teaching Award 2007
  • Ohio State University Presidential Fellowship 1998-1999

Research Interests

  • Internet of Things
  • Optoelectronic Devices
  • Microscale Heat Transfer
  • Nanoelectronics and 2-D Materials
  • Low Power Design
  • Embedded Systems
  • Surface and Interface Science and Engineering
  • Magnetic Materials
  • Computation Materials Science
  • Nanomaterials and nanomanufacturing

In the News

Selected Publications

  • “Nano-electronics, a Molecular View,” World Scientific Series in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2016. ABS Avik W. Ghosh
  • "From materials to systems: a multiscale analysis of nanomagnetic switching", invited paper (Journal of Computational Electronics). ABS Yunkun Xie, Jianhua Ma, Samiran Ganguly and Avik W Ghosh
  • “Electron optics with ballistic graphene junctions”, Science 353, 1522 (2016). Top-10 breakthrough of 2016, Physics World. ABS S. Chen, Z. Han, M. M. Elahi, K. M. Masum Habib, L. Wang, B. Wen, Y. Gao, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, J. Hone, A. W. Ghosh and C. R. Dean
  • “Computational Investigation of Half-Heusler Compounds for Spintronics Applications”, PRB accepted (2016). Selected as Editor’s Highlight. ABS Jianhua Ma, Vinay I. Hegde, Kamaram Munira, Yunkun Xie, Sahar Keshavarz, David T. Mildebrath, C. Wolverton, Avik W. Ghosh, W. H. Butler
  • “Chiral tunneling of topological states for giant longitudinal spin Hall angle”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 176801 (2015). ABS K. M. Masum Habib, R. N. Sajjad and A. W. Ghosh
  • “Fokker-Planck Study of Parameter Dependence on Write Error Slope in Spin-Torque Switching", IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 64:1 , pp. 319-324, 2017 ABS Yunkun Xie, Behtash Behin-Aein, Avik W. Ghosh
  • “Anisotropy in layered half-metallic Heusler alloy superlattices”, J. Appl. Phys. 119, 043904 (2016) ABS J. G. Azdani, K. Munira, J. Romero, J. Ma, C. Sivakumar, A. W. Ghosh and W. H. Butler
  • “Quantum transport at the Dirac point: Mapping out the minimum conductivity from pristine to disordered graphene”, Phys. Rev. B 92, 205408 (2015). ABS R. N. Sajjad, F. Tseng, M. Habib and A. W. Ghosh
  • “Role of crystal structure and junction morphology on interface thermal conductance”, Phys. Rev. B 92, 144302 (2015). ABS C. A. Polanco, R. Rastgarkafshgarkolaei, J. Zhang, N. Q. Le, P. M. Norris, P. E. Hopkins, and A. W. Ghosh
  • “Transmission engineering as a route to subthermal switching”, special issue on low subthreshold switching, IEEE JEDS 3, 135 (2015). ABS A. W. Ghosh
  • Digital Alloy InAlAs Avalanche Photodiodes ABS J. Zheng, Y. Yuan, Y. Tan, Y. Peng, A. K. Rockwell, S. R. Bank, A. W. Ghosh and J. C. Campbell

Courses Taught

  • Undergrad Electromagnetic Fields
  • Applied Quantum Mechanics (UG)
  • Introduction to Nanoelectronics (Graduate and UG)
  • Solid State Devices (Graduate)

Featured Grants & Projects

  • List of Current Grants

    NSF-IUCRC site addition to Center for Multifunctional Integrated Systems Technology (MIST) - focus is on neuromorphic computing (with Univ of Florida and Univ of Central Florida) NSF SHF-Small: focus is on topological insulator devices (with U Michigan Ann Arbor) DARPA-WIRED: Building a model for polycrystalline photodetectors in the mid-wave IR range (with Northrop-Grummon) DARPA-TEXITRONICS: Building racetrack memory from excitations ('skyrmions') in magnetic films (with MIT and NYU) NASA: Electron transport in graphene as a way to build better sensors and photodetectors SRC-E2CDA: Modeling and designing better tunnel field effect transistors (with Purdue U and UCSB) ORNL-Battelle: Interfacial design of thermal coatings